Abou climate in Cracow
KrakÃ³w has an oceanic climate (Cfb) according to the KÃ¶ppen climate classification system, one of the easternmost localities in Europe to do so. A mere 100 km (62 mi) north-east of KrakÃ³w (east of TarnÃ³w, and north of Kielce), the January mean dips below ?3 Â°C (27 Â°F) and thus becomes continental (Dfb) in nature. The KrakÃ³w climate is also influenced by its far inland position, with significant temperature differences between seasons. Average temperatures in summer range from 18 to 19.6 Â°C (64 to 67 Â°F) and in winter from ?2.0 to ?0.6 Â°C (28 to 31 Â°F). The average annual temperature is 8.7 Â°C (48 Â°F). In summer temperatures often exceed 25 Â°C (77 Â°F), and even 30 Â°C (86 Â°F), while winter drops to ?5 Â°C (23 Â°F) at night and about 0 Â°C (32 Â°F) at day; during very cold nights the temperature can drop to ?15 Â°C (5 Â°F). Since KrakÃ³w lies near the Tatra Mountains, there are often occurrences of halny blowing (a foehn wind), causing temperatures to rise rapidly, and even in winter reach up to 20 Â°C (68 Â°F).
Worth to know
The KrakÃ³w-CzÄ™stochowa Upland, also known as the Polish Jurassic Highland or Polish Jura (Polish: Jura Krakowsko-CzÄ™stochowska), is part of the Jurassic System of south?central Poland, stretching between the cities of KrakÃ³w, CzÄ™stochowa and WieluÅ„. The Polish Jura borders the Lesser Polish Upland to the north and east, the foothills of the Western Carpathians to the south and the Silesian Upland to the west.
The Polish Jura consists of a hilly landscape with Jurassic limestone rocks, cliffs, valleys and vast limestone formations, featuring some 220 caves. The relief of the upland developed since the Paleogene, under climatic conditions changing considerably. Its main component is a peneplain, crowned by monadnocks, rocky masses that resisted erosion, generated as hard rock on Late Jurassic buildup surrounded by less resistant bedded limestone of the same age.1 The Polish Jura is visited by roughly 400,000 visitors a year. Part of it belongs to the OjcÃ³w National Park, the smallest of Poland's twenty national parks, ranking among the most attractive recreational areas of the country.2
The longest river of Poland
The Vistula (/?v?stj?l?/; Polish: WisÅ‚a ?viswa) is the longest and largest river in Poland, at 1,047 kilometres (651 miles) in length. The drainage basin area of the Vistula is 194,424 km2 (75,068 sq mi), of which 168,699 km2 (65,135 sq mi) lies within Poland (splitting the country in half). The remainder is in Belarus, Ukraine and Slovakia.
The Vistula rises at Barania GÃ³ra in the south of Poland, 1,220 meters (4,000 ft) above sea level in the Silesian Beskids (western part of Carpathian Mountains), where it begins with the White Little Vistula (BiaÅ‚a WiseÅ‚ka) and the Black Little Vistula (Czarna WiseÅ‚ka).1 It then continues to flow over the vast Polish plains, passing several large Polish cities along its way, including KrakÃ³w, Sandomierz, Warsaw, PÅ‚ock, WÅ‚ocÅ‚awek, ToruÅ„, Bydgoszcz, Åšwiecie, GrudziÄ…dz, Tczew and GdaÅ„sk. It empties into the Vistula Lagoon (Zalew WiÅ›lany) or directly into the GdaÅ„sk Bay of the Baltic Sea with a delta and several branches (Leniwka, Przekop, ÅšmiaÅ‚a WisÅ‚a, Martwa WisÅ‚a, Nogat and Szkarpawa).