Location garage - how to choose?
Nowadays, more and more people are choosing to buy their own car. And there is nothing surprising in this - after all, the car provides independence and is extremely convenient means of transport. Each vehicle requires service from time to time, or repair certain faults or replacement of wearing parts in everyday life. This makes the mechanics willing to assume workshops. But in order to achieve financial success, it is well to consider the location of such a plant. If the area is a lot of competition, you better look for another place. It should provide good access and be well marked in such a way to customers had no trouble finding it.
Instant repair cars
When the car breaks down, and we need it for now, you should look for the plant, which will provide us with a quick repair. Such Express repairing faults now offers multi-site vehicle repair, so we should easily find a deal, which would be suitable for us. But what we need to know when deciding on such a solution? The main issue is of course the cost of such repairs, which will be much larger than traditional services in this field. Many people are aware that it pays us to spend more for the same service, but when the time is very important to us, it is better to invest a set amount, than to make yourself more trouble by trying to save. In such situations, very easy to make a mistake that could put us in a difficult situation, which hurt us.
Most motor oils are made from a heavier, thicker petroleum hydrocarbon base stock derived from crude oil, with additives to improve certain properties. The bulk of a typical motor oil consists of hydrocarbons with between 18 and 34 carbon atoms per molecule.7 One of the most important properties of motor oil in maintaining a lubricating film between moving parts is its viscosity. The viscosity of a liquid can be thought of as its "thickness" or a measure of its resistance to flow. The viscosity must be high enough to maintain a lubricating film, but low enough that the oil can flow around the engine parts under all conditions. The viscosity index is a measure of how much the oil's viscosity changes as temperature changes. A higher viscosity index indicates the viscosity changes less with temperature than a lower viscosity index.
Motor oil must be able to flow adequately at the lowest temperature it is expected to experience in order to minimize metal to metal contact between moving parts upon starting up the engine. The pour point defined first this property of motor oil, as defined by ASTM D97 as "... an index of the lowest temperature of its utility ..." for a given application,8 but the "cold cranking simulator" (CCS, see ASTM D5293-08) and "Mini-Rotary Viscometer" (MRV, see ASTM D3829-02(2007), ASTM D4684-08) are today the properties required in motor oil specs and define the SAE classifications.
Oil is largely composed of hydrocarbons which can burn if ignited. Still another important property of motor oil is its flash point, the lowest temperature at which the oil gives off vapors which can ignite. It is dangerous for the oil in a motor to ignite and burn, so a high flash point is desirable. At a petroleum refinery, fractional distillation separates a motor oil fraction from other crude oil fractions, removing the more volatile components, and therefore increasing the oil's flash point (reducing its tendency to burn).
Another manipulated property of motor oil is its Total base number (TBN), which is a measurement of the reserve alkalinity of an oil, meaning its ability to neutralize acids. The resulting quantity is determined as mg KOH/ (gram of lubricant). Analogously, Total acid number (TAN) is the measure of a lubricant's acidity. Other tests include zinc, phosphorus, or sulfur content, and testing for excessive foaming.
The NOACK volatility (ASTM D-5800) Test determines the physical evaporation loss of lubricants in high temperature service. A maximum of 14% evaporation loss is allowable to meet API SL and ILSAC GF-3 specifications. Some automotive OEM oil specifications require lower than 10%.